Basic Debian Packaging

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Revision as of 23:31, 8 December 2005 by 192.168.254.89 (talk) (touch it up a little)
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this class should give a basic understanding of how to build a debian package from some common types of source tarballs or repositories.

prerequisites

suggested background

  • rudimentary understanding of building and compiling software
  • basic understanding of apt and dpkg
  • basic understanding of cvs or subversion

topics covered

finding software

  • is it already packaged:
    • packages.debian.org
  • freshmeat.net
  • sourceforge.net
  • google.com

environment variables

  • DEBEMAIL
  • DEBFULLNAME

creating debian directory

  • dh_make
  • copyright
  • changelog
    • dch
    • version
    • release
  • control
  • rules
  • other files
    • *.installi
    • *.manpages
    • *.examples
    • *.init
    • *.postinst
  • other examples: *.ex and *.EX files

cdbs basics:

  • magic snippet for a complete debian/rules file:
#!/usr/bin/make -f
# uncomment the next line if using a makefile-based source
#include /usr/share/cdbs/1/class/makefile.mk
include /usr/share/cdbs/1/rules/debhelper.mk
  • debuild
  • basic troubleshooting
    • build dependencies

lintian

  • debian policy

additional and related topics: